THE RED SUMMER OF 1919: RACE RIOTS IN OVER 3 DOZEN U.S STATES

By: JAE JONES

World War I was coming to an end, and many African-Americans wanted to know what the end of the war meant for them. So, activist and author James Weldon Johnson raised the issue that everyone was thinking: Would the African-American’s support for the war effort, on the battlefields of Europe and throughout the many factories in the United States mean improvement in the “status of the Negro as an American citizen? During this time Black people were considered second class—and many worse. It was very little that African-Americans were allowed to do during this time. Blacks could not vote, they were usually sharecropping, and not allowed access to workplaces such as their counterparts, White Americans. Black people were subject to be harassed, violently beat and left for death, and some even murdered.

There were some things that did change for Black Americans over the course of the war. Many southern Blacks had migrated to the North and found jobs in industrial workplaces. Doors that had been closed to Blacks but employed Whites, were no opened to Black workers because of labor shortages. People began talking about the “New Negro” which appeared in print, and people were discussing among themselves. Black people thought after the war they would finally get some type of respect. As much to be expected during this time, the White Americans grew weary and tired of hearing of the talk of the “New Negro.” The southern states began to crack down on any Black protest organizations.

By the summer of 1919,  race riots and lynchings were taking place over the country. The Black people were angry that the White Americans were not acknowledging the fact that they had served in the military and that the White Americans were going back to the pre-war status for Blacks. From April to October, American cities were explosive in violence. There were extensive amounts of bloodshed and thus Johnson named it the “#Red Summer.” It is believed that over 25 major riots erupted during this time and at least 52 Black people were lynched. It is possible that it could have been more because there was no complete and accurate records that could be kept during the time.

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Hundreds of people—most of them black—were killed and thousands more were injured. Tens of thousands were forced to flee their homes.” “In Washington, daily newspapers fanned the flames with lurid, exaggerated, or even fabricated accounts of black crime. In Chicago, postwar unemployment, labor conflicts, housing shortages, and heat provided the context for the massive violence that followed the stoning death of a young black swimmer who crossed an invisible line separating whites from blacks in Lake Michigan. Whites in Omaha, Neb., physically attacked their mayor before destroying the local courthouse to seize and then lynch a black man accused of assaulting a white woman. In Phillips County, Ark., black sharecroppers’ efforts to organize a union to secure fair end-of-year settlements precipitated what one contemporary called “a crusade of death” that left hundreds dead.” (Chicago Tribune, 2011) During this time the riots were getting a significant amount of coverage by the media, and this was just making matters extremely worse. Making no secret of their opposition to black rights, white southern politicians blamed black sharecroppers and called the NAACP “an association for the promotion of revolution.

The war had changed Black Americans who were in the war, as well as the Blacks who stayed back at home. Their mindset know was to protect their homes and families with everything they had inside them. They would fight to the finish, they thought of ways to be ready and waiting for the White Americans before they invaded their territory. Black America woke up to other things happening in the country politically, socially, and artistically as well. Read more of the Red Summer.

98 Years Ago! Cops Helped Terrorists Kill 300 of the Most Successful Blacks in America

By: JOHN VIBES

More than 300 innocent people were killed when police assisted a racist mob in the burning and looting of the most affluent African American neighborhood in the United States.

On June 1, 1921, in Tulsa, Oklahoma, a horrific act of racial terrorism took place, and the perpetrators were actually assisted by the local police and the national guard. The site of the attack was a region of Tulsa known as “Black Wall Street” in a neighborhood called “Greenwood,” which was a thriving center of culture and commerce for African Americans.

At the time, the community was a symbol of black success in America, which unfortunately made it the target of constant hostility from media, politicians and local racists who saw it as an economic threat. The attacks on the community were sparked by an accusation that a black man attempted to rape a white woman. Although the man accused of the crime was arrested and awaiting judgment, a mob of angry racists did not want to wait for the suspect to see a fair trial, and instead wanted the whole black community to pay for the alleged crimes of this one man.

At the courthouse, innocent black bystanders were attacked by a mob and forced to retreat back to Greenwood. The mob then descended on “Black Wall Street,” setting fires to buildings and shooting people indiscriminately, creating a night of terror throughout the city. Airplanes circled the sky dropping kerosene and nitroglycerin on the buildings and people below, according to survivors of the attack.

Authorities did nothing to stop the violence, and in fact, they actually assisted the mob by only arresting blacks, and some reports have even indicated that they also engaged in violence, possibly even flying some of the planes that were responsible for the bombings. These events came to be known as the “Tulsa Race Riots,” but as many survivors have pointed out, calling them “riots” just serves to take responsibility from the mob and the police that protected them.

As author Linda Christenson pointed out in her piece Burning Tulsa: The Legacy of Black Dispossession:

THE TERM “RACE RIOT” DOES NOT ADEQUATELY DESCRIBE THE EVENTS OF MAY 31—JUNE 1, 1921, IN GREENWOOD… IN FACT, THE TERM ITSELF IMPLIES THAT BOTH BLACKS AND WHITES MIGHT BE EQUALLY TO BLAME FOR THE LAWLESSNESS AND VIOLENCE. THE HISTORICAL RECORD DOCUMENTS A SUSTAINED AND MURDEROUS ASSAULT ON BLACK LIVES AND PROPERTY. THIS ASSAULT WAS MET BY A BRAVE BUT UNSUCCESSFUL ARMED DEFENSE OF THEIR COMMUNITY BY SOME BLACK WORLD WAR I VETERANS AND OTHERS.

DURING THE NIGHT AND DAY OF THE RIOT, DEPUTIZED WHITES KILLED MORE THAN 300 AFRICAN AMERICANS. THEY LOOTED AND BURNED TO THE GROUND 40 SQUARE BLOCKS OF 1,265 AFRICAN AMERICAN HOMES, INCLUDING HOSPITALS, SCHOOLS, AND CHURCHES, AND DESTROYED 150 BUSINESSES. WHITE DEPUTIES AND MEMBERS OF THE NATIONAL GUARD ARRESTED AND DETAINED 6,000 BLACK TULSANS WHO WERE RELEASED ONLY UPON BEING VOUCHED FOR BY A WHITE EMPLOYER OR OTHER WHITE CITIZEN. NINE THOUSAND AFRICAN AMERICANS WERE LEFT HOMELESS AND LIVED IN TENTS WELL INTO THE WINTER OF 1921.

In the aftermath of the attacks, Black Wall Street was left in ruins and many of its residents were left homeless and destitute. Instead of helping, the local government attempted to make it impossible for them to rebuild by placing impossible building regulations on the area and then attempting to take their land. The Oklahoma Bureau of Vital Statistics attempted to downplay the deadly nature of the attacks and officially recorded 39 dead. However, the American Red Cross, who was on the ground at the time, estimated the actual death toll to be 300.

While the attacks may have been sparked by the rape accusations, it was the culmination of years of hostility that was directed towards the community. Many poor and middle-class whites resented the fact that they had affluent African-American neighbors, and this envy was instigated by the establishment media and politicians of the day.

Race relations have come a long way in the past century, but sadly many of the same conditions that led to the violence on Black Wall Street in 1921 are still prevalent today. In modern times, politicians and media outlets build their careers by stoking division between races and social groups, often using fear of economic hardship to sow distrust.

“American Gangster” Drug Lord Frank Lucas Dead @ 88



By: KYLE EUSTICE

One of America’s most notorious drug lords, Frank Lucas, has reportedly passed away from natural causes. TMZ reports Lucas was en route to a New Jersey hospital to be treated for an unknown condition but died before he could get there. He was 88.

Lucas has been a part of pop culture for decades. Denzel Washington played the infamous heroin dealer in the 2007 movie, American Gangster, while JAY-Z’s American Gangster album was inspired by the same film about Lucas’ life.

The former Harlem resident is heralded as the puppet master behind the “Golden Triangle” gambit of the early 70s. The “Golden Triangle” was coined by the CIA and refers to the area where the borders of Thailand, Laos and Myanmar meet at the confluence of the Ruak and Mekong Rivers, one of the most extensive opium-producing areas of Asia.

He claimed that the incident that sparked his motivation to embark on a life of crime was having witnessed his 12-year-old cousin’s murder at the hands of the Ku Klux Klan, for apparently “reckless eyeballing” (looking at) a Caucasian woman, in Greensboro. 

Lucas claimed to have imported the heroin — which he often called “Blue Magic” — from Southeast Asia in the coffins of U.S. soldiers killed in Vietnam.

“Who the hell is gonna look in a dead soldier’s coffin,” Lucas told New York Magazine in 2000. “We had him make up 28 copies of the government coffins . . . except we fixed them up with false bottoms, big enough to load up with six, maybe eight kilos.”

Lucas was arrested by the mid-70s. When the DEA raided his Jersey home in 1975, they discovered over $584,000 in cash. He was ultimately convicted of federal and state drug violations and sentenced to 70 years behind bars. However, Lucas cooperated with the feds and became an informant. He and his family entered a witness protection program.

Following fiver years in prison, Lucas’ sentence was reduced to time served plus lifetime parole. But old habits die hard. He was later busted for drug dealing again and served another seven years. He was released in 1991.

Lucas leaves behind seven children.



Who Is Robert F. Smith, The Man Paying Off Morehouse Graduates’ Loans?

By DAVID GELLES

Robert F. Smith was giving the commencement address to the graduating class of Morehouse College when he made a surprise announcement: He would be paying off the student loans of the roughly 400 graduates.

It was just the latest substantial gesture from Mr. Smith, the richest black man in America, who until just a few years ago was practically unknown.

Here’s what you need to know about him:

■ Mr. Smith has amassed a fortune that Forbes estimates to be worth $5 billion by founding Vista Equity Partners, a private equity firm that focuses on buying and selling software firms.

■ Vista has about $46 billion in assets under management, according to Forbes. The company is privately held and does not publicly report its results, but it is believed to be one of the best-performing firms in the country, with annualized returns of more than 20 percent since its founding.

■ Vista has unconventional hiring practices. Rather than seek out people with Ivy League degrees or recruit top talent from Silicon Valley, Mr. Smith looks for skilled engineers and managers from other professions who may thrive inside his companies. As part of its hiring efforts, Vista uses a personality test first developed by IBM that gauges technical and social skills, as well as a candidate’s interest in the arts and humanities.

■ Mr. Smith grew up in a mostly black, middle-class neighborhood in Denver. Both of his parents had Ph.D.s in education, and he was ambitious from an early age. He applied for an internship at Bell Labs in high school, but was told he was too young. Mr. Smith called every Monday for five months and finally got the position

■ He went to college at Cornell, studying chemical engineering, then took a job at Kraft General Foods. He got a master’s degree in business administration from Columbia, then worked at Goldman Sachs in San Francisco, advising companies including Apple, Hewlett-Packard and Microsoft.

■ Mr. Smith has a passion for music. In 2016, he was named chairman of the board of Carnegie Hall, the nation’s most prestigious concert stage. He bought and restored a storied resort, Lincoln Hills, outside Denver, where black jazz musicians like Duke Ellington once played. And he has founded programs to support music education and minority entrepreneurship in Austin, Tex., where he lives, and Chicago, where Vista has an office.

■ Mr. Smith has a flamboyant side as well. He favors three-piece suits, owns one of Elton John’s old pianos and hired John Legend and Seal — and a youth orchestra — to perform at his wedding on the Amalfi Coast. He named two of his sons, Hendrix and Legend, after Jimi Hendrix and Mr. Legend. He is married to Hope Dworaczyk, an actress and former Playboy model.

■ Though he shunned the spotlight for many years, he has recently embraced a more public role, speaking at the World Economic Forum in Davos, Switzerland, and making major charitable contributions. Cornell renamed its School of Chemical and Biomolecular Engineering after Mr. Smith, and he has made major gifts to the National Museum of African-American History and Culture and other cultural institutions. In January, Mr. Smith donated $1.5 million to Morehouse to fund student scholarships and a new park on campus.

Lord Jamar Screams “Fuck Eminem, He’s Wack” During Non-VladTV Interview

By KYLE EUSTICE

Lord Jamar is one of several rappers Eminem dissed on his tenth studio album, Kamikaze, which was released last August.

During a recent interview with RapMatic, the Brand Nubian MC (once again) fires back at Slim Shady and blatantly dismisses the multi-platinum selling rapper.

“My thing about Eminem and all that — and I hate bringing his fucking name up — my thing about this muthfucka is you can’t crown somebody king and circumvent the true kingdom,” he says. “Like white people will crown Eminem king because he sold the most records out of all rappers.ADVERTISING

“But, when we go into every day life of black people, people who are the originators of this shit, we don’t fucking listen to Eminem. We don’t listen to Eminem. We don’t go to the gym and turn on Eminem. We don’t listen to him on the way to the club. We don’t play him in the club … now, corny places I can’t speak for that.”

Jamar didn’t end his rant there. When the ever-so patient host tries to point out how skilled Em is as a lyricist, she gets shut down immediately.

“So the fuck what,” he snaps back. “Can he put words together? Yes. But that’s not all that Hip Hop is. Who gives a fuck if the content is shit? Who gives a fuck how good he can put cat rat bat hat together? If you’re talking about smacking your mother and taking pharmaceutical pills and the shit that doesn’t resonate with me, why do I care how good you can rap?”

He adds, “His content is wack, his delivery and his voice.”

Finally, he ends his tirade by talking about the aforementioned Kamikaze track, “Fall.”

“He did a verse about me,” he says. “You know how bad I wanted that song to be something good? It was wack. It wasn’t shit … nobody, only white people and people on the internet [talked about it].”

A Black Officer, a White Woman, a Rare Murder Conviction. Is It ‘Hypocrisy,’ or Justice?

By JOHN ELIGON

The national debate over race and policing has felt particularly close to activists in Minneapolis, who viewed several cases in their region as examples of police officers not being held accountable for killing black civilians.

But when the justice system finally came down on an officer in a fatal shooting this week, it was not exactly the victory those activists had been seeking.

Mohamed Noor, who is black, Somali and Muslim, became the first Minnesota police officer convicted of murder in an on-duty killing, when a jury found him guilty on Tuesday in the fatal shooting of Justine Ruszczyk, who was white.

While many in the community said Mr. Noor should have been held accountable, they could not help but wonder what the outcome would have been if the races of the officer and the victim had been flipped.

“This is an anomaly based on the race of the officer, and the race and affluence of the victim,” said Nekima Levy Armstrong, a civil rights lawyer and activist in Minneapolis. “The system treats African-Americans and white people differently, whether they are the victim in a police-involved shooting case or whether they are the police officer. This is absolutely outrageous.”

Even as activists and community leaders said that Ms. Ruszczyk deserved justice and expressed their condolences for her family, the verdict raised uncomfortable questions about the racial dynamics of the case.

Some saw a system and a society that was quick to embrace and sympathize with Ms. Ruszczyk, a benefit that black victims rarely enjoy. Others felt that Mr. Noor did not get the vocal support of the police establishment that they usually see in police-shooting cases and wondered whether this would deter black people from law enforcement careers.

“The only difference is that the officer involved in the shooting in this case happened to be a black Muslim immigrant, and the deceased person is a Caucasian lady,” said Waheid Siraach, a former police officer and a founder of the Somali-American Police Association. “People can put the two and two together”

Legal action against police officers involved in fatal shootings is exceedingly rare. Since 2005, 101 nonfederal officers have been charged with murder or manslaughter in shootings while they were on duty, according to Philip Stinson, a criminologist at Bowling Green State University. About 36 percent of those officers have been convicted, but only four of them on murder charges; the others were for lesser offenses.

In 2016, a police officer in a suburb of St. Paul, Minn., shot and killed Philando Castile, who was black, during a traffic stop. The officer, who was Latino, was charged with manslaughter and acquitted by a juryafter saying he had feared for his life.

In the Noor case, Mike Freeman, the Hennepin County prosecutor, was criticized by some who said he was holding Mr. Noor to a different standard than he has white officers — an accusation that the prosecutor fiercely denied after the verdict was announced.

“I’ve heard a small group in the community make disparaging remarks about me and this office to the effect that I won’t charge white cops who shoot black people, but I’ll charge black cops who shoot white people,” he said during a news conference. “That simply is not true. Race has never been a factor in any of my decisions and never will be.”

In 2016, Mr. Freeman chose not to charge officers in the shooting death of Jamar Clark, who was black, saying Mr. Clark had grabbed one officer’s holstered gun. Last year, he did not charge the officers who pursued and shot at Thurman Blevins, killing him; Mr. Freeman said Mr. Blevins, who was also black, had a gun and did not follow the officers’ commands. In the killing of Travis Jordan this January, the prosecutor said the police officers had faced a deadly threat because Mr. Jordan, who was Hawaiian, had a knife and was coming toward them.

Mr. Freeman argued that the details in those cases were different from those in the shooting of Ms. Ruszczyk. Each case is handled on its own merits, he said, and the facts showed that Mr. Noor, who was fired from the Minneapolis Police Department after the shooting, had acted unreasonably.

Ms. Ruszczyk, who sometimes used the last name of her fiancé, Don Damond, had called the police late one night in July 2017 to report hearing what sounded like a woman in distress in the alley behind her house. Mr. Noor and his partner were in their squad car in the alley investigating when Ms. Ruszczyk approached.

Mr. Noor, 33, testified during the trial that he had heard a bang and had fired one shot from the passenger’s seat when Ms. Ruszczyk appeared at the driver’s side window.

Mr. Noor’s explanation did not convince the racially diverse jury, which convicted him of third-degree murder and second-degree manslaughter.

Prosecutors seemed to imply at one point during the trial that Ms. Ruszczyk’s appearance should not have been threatening.

“Her whole blonde hair, pink T-shirt and all, that was all threat to you?” Amy Sweasy, an assistant county attorney, asked Mr. Noor during cross-examination, according to The Star Tribune.

Minnesota has a large Somali population, and many have expressed their displeasure with what they saw as unfair treatment of Mr. Noor. A demonstration in Minneapolis on Wednesday brought together various social justice organizations, including one called Justice for Justine, which advocated for Ms. Ruszczyk. Speaking at the demonstration, Drew Rosielle, a member of the group, sympathized with the complicated racial dynamics of the case.

“What Justine has received, we want for everyone,” he said, according to a written statement provided by the organization. “If Justine is the only one to be treated this way, this is not real justice, but another racist wound inflicted on our community.”

Mr. Siraach, the Somali-American former police officer, said there seemed to be a rush to judgment against Mr. Noor. He was upset with statements made by the former Minneapolis police chief that he felt suggested that Mr. Noor had acted improperly. He also did not think that the Police Federation of Minneapolis, the union representing officers, was as vocal as they usually were when officers were accused of wrongdoing.

Lt. Bob Kroll, the president of the federation, disputed that in an email. “This is a very ignorant statement made by those that are naïve about our role and the process, and by those that quickly play the race card without merit,” he wrote.

Lieutenant Kroll said he had been helping Mr. Noor and his lawyers throughout the process. He did not speak out because Mr. Noor’s legal team had kept mostly quiet, he said, and because his public statements could have been used to make him testify.

Mustafa Diriye, a community organizer working in Minneapolis, said he had advocated vigorously for justice for Ms. Ruszczyk, just as he had for black victims of police shootings. He was pleased with the verdict, he said.

Yet he could not help but be bothered that the system had worked so well for a white woman when it had failed so many black people, he said.

“‘I fear for my life’ — that’s what all white cops get away with,” said Mr. Diriye, who is originally from Somalia. “That only works for white officers. They can fear for their life. But if you are black, no, no you cannot be fearful.”

Mr. Diriye said he felt that if white people would demand justice for black police-shooting victims the way they did for Ms. Ruszczyk, things could be different.

“The hypocrisy is there,” he said. “That is my frustration.”

This Is Why Some People Think Nipsey Hussle’s Death Is Part Of A Larger Conspiracy

By SESALI BOWEN

Nipsey Hussle was fatally shot in front of his Marathon clothing store in the Hyde Park neighborhood of Los Angeles. The LAPD has identified the suspect in the shooting as Eric Holder and issued a warrant for his arrest.

Hussle’s fan base, and the broader music community, have been mourning the loss of the 33-year-old rapper who was not only known for his music, but his entrepreneurship (in 2013 he released his Crenshaw mixtape and sold copies of it for $100 each; Jay Z bought 100 of them) and his commitment to Black economic empowerment. The latter interest has some people thinking that his death was part of a larger conspiracy.

Hussle was very interested in the life work of Dr. Sebi, the late Afro-Honduran herbalist and healer who claimed to be able to be able to naturally cure a whole host of diseases including AIDS. He was known to have counseled many celebrities on health matters, including Lisa “Left Eye” Lopes and Michael Jackson. In 1987, New York City charged Dr. Sebi with practicing medicine without a license. Though the jury found him to be not guilty, Dr. Sebi was later sued by the New York attorney general and prohibited from making any therapeutic claims with his products. Dr. Sebi died in 2016 due to complications from pneumonia, while in police custody on charges of money laundering, and so conspiracy theorists continue to find the circumstances around his death suspicious.

This all ties to Hussle because, during several interviews, he stated his intent to make a documentary about Dr. Sebi’s trial and healing practices.

This isn’t a coincidence! Nipsey Hussle was working on a documentary that will narrate Dr. Sebi’s Trial in 1985. Dr. Sebi claimed that he could cure AIDS & was allegedly executed by way of U.S. Medical Corporations because his AIDS remedy would take away from their own profits. pic.twitter.com/rqrvaeSbAi
— Jared Sawyer Jr. (@JaredSawyerJr) April 1, 2019

This has resulted in some insisting that Hussle’s death wasn’t gang-related or personal, but instead another attempt to silence Dr. Sebi’s practices. Hussle himself jokingly acknowledged the possibility of assassination in one interview, in which he laughed as he said, “[If they kill me] ya’ll better ride.”

Nipsey said “If they kill me for this documentary yall better ride”. pic.twitter.com/nwdHj12g4G
— Tauge.P (@Ryder_____) April 1, 2019

Look into Dr Sebi curing HIV
Nipsey hussle was making a documentary on the pharmaceutical industry being worth billions and he was going to expose the government for having no cure now he dead #StayWoke #nipseyhustle pic.twitter.com/Z71oChggX0
— Shaq (@nyc_shaq) April 1, 2019

rip left eye, dr. sebi, nipsey hussle pic.twitter.com/2UxcuLzdRA
— miji REEE (@crypticconshuns) April 2, 2019

Don’t let the media fool you that’s some government shit over the Dr. Sebi documentary man!! If it was over gang shit they would’ve gotten him a long time ago, nipsey wasn’t hard to find. #NipseyHussleForever 
— Wu(Jedi) (@TheUsualNinja) April 1, 2019

Since the shooting, Nick Cannon has reportedly agreed to make sure the documentary gets completed.

Upcoming Book Explores Rise & Fall Of Cold Chillin’ Records



By: RILEY WALLACE

A new book by writer Ben Merlis — slated for a spring 2019 release by BMG — is set to explore the rise and fall of the label while sewing together the intertwining and fantastic untold stories and timelines of the artists involved.

NEW YORK, NY – Cold Chillin’ Records, founded by Tyrone Willams — co-producer of the legendary Mr. Magic’s “Rap Attack” and manager of the Juice Crew collective — along with the late Len Fichtelberg, stands as an iconic symbol in a long and (in a contemporary context) often undervalued period in the culture’s timeline. Serving most notably as the platform for most of the members of the Juice Crew to release their projects, it weathered some insanely notable moments in Hip Hop, such as the Bridge Wars between BDP and MC Shan and The Roxanne Wars.

“I met someone who works for BMG,” Merlis explained that when asked how he began writing the book. “I heard they were writing books about labels, and I pitched the idea of doing one on Cold Chillin’ Records.” Merlis — whose father worked for Warner Brother’s Records — says he was a fan of the Juice Crew at a young age.

“We used to get those promotional records in the mail before they came out,” he continued. “I was listening to Mc Shan when I was nine years old. This is something I grew up on.”

Still, in the early stages, Merlis has spoken to a lot of the major players. “I’ve talked to Marley Marl, Big Daddy Kane, Masta Ace, Fly Ty — who was the co-owner — Craig G Grandaddy, and others,” he says. The most exciting aspect thus far has been the exciting Easter eggs he’s been able to uncover.

“Dr. Butcher has a fascinating story,” he explains. “He’s a ghost scratcher for Kool G Rap and DJ Polo … when you listen to those records, you’re not hearing Polo.” Dr. Butcher ended up becoming a successful producer and solo artist.

He also describes tidbits from his conversation with George Dubose — the photographer who did the bulk of the cover artwork for Cold Chillin. “What you see on the back cover of Biz Markie’s The Biz Never Sleeps was supposed to be the front cover,” he notes. “The front cover was meant to be the cereal box that appears on the back cover … they decided that image was more compelling.”

Biz Markie

Beyond just the cool factoids, which older listeners may foam at the mouth over, the story of the label runs parallel with the climate of Hip Hop — which saw a tremendous shift from the mid-80s until the label’s ultimate demise.

Cold Chillin’s downfall had a few culprits. One major factor was a sample clearance, stemming from a Biz Markie song that samples portions of a 1972 Gilbert O’Sullivan song, “Alone Again (Naturally),” — a case that many have cited as the end of the “Wild Wild West” of sampling.

Furthermore, declining record sales, the Juice Crew split up, and Kool G Rap’s Live and Let Diebeing shelved all contributed to the label’s officially shutting it’s 1997; Kool G Rap’s first post-Polo release 4,5,6 being one of its final releases.

Its influence still lives on. “The Symphony is also a landmark record,” Merlis notes. “It set the template for posse cuts past that point.” He also points to the family tree that leads back to the label, such as Wu-Tang Clan, with founding member GZA releasing his debut record on the label.

“There’s something to be said about the ingenuity that went into a lot of these records,” Merlis continues. “Really just making it up as you go along and flying by the seat of your pants, which is what I’m doing right now. I never wrote a book before.”

For a healthy dose of nostalgia and facts, be follow Merlis on Instagram @coldchillinbook.

Bill Gates, Harvard, To Begin Blocking Sun In Spring Of 2019

By JIM STANLEY

Harvard scientists intend to block out the sun’s rays from earth as a way to defeat climate change. The geoengineering project is an attempt to cool the earth’s overall temperature.

I’m not kidding, this is real.

The name of the project is SCoPEx, or, Stratospheric Controlled Perturbation Experiment, and it will cost roughly $3 million for initial testing. By “testing,” that’s to say that this is no longer a concept, it’s a real thing.

If you are wondering where all the money for this project is deriving from, look no further than Microsoft co-founder Bill Gates.

And yes, we reported on Harvard’s ambition to throw shade at our sun months ago, but we hoped that somehow rational minds would prevail.

They aren’t prevailing, so all aboard.

Harvard Blocking Sun Concept Uses Balloon

The Harvard scientists will launch a maneuverable balloon into the stratosphere above the United States southwest region. The balloon will then programmatically release calcium carbonate into the stratosphere. The initial test is slated for the spring of 2019 (so yes, within a year).

Scientists are basing the working concept on past volcanic eruptions, namely, the massive eruption of Pinatubo in the Philippines in 1991. Pinatubo’s eruption blew 20 million tons of sulfur dioxide into the stratosphere. As you likely guessed, that sulfur dioxide formed a coating around the earth and caused a universal lowering of the earth’s core temperature (specifically, the earth cooled 0.5 °C as a result of the sulfur dioxide coating).

Climate Change Hysteria Is Propelling Geoengineering

Let’s be honest, evolution based on science isn’t always bad. Pharmaceutical drugs save lives. Doctors inappropriately prescribing and over-prescribing pharmaceutical drugs damage our society (see the antibiotic collapse, the opioid addiction issue, and SSRI medications and Ritalin being linked to mass shootings).

Geoengineering probably has good features, like helping to produce rain for drought-stricken farmers.

But blocking the sun based on a controversial climate change ideology? And yes, see the Paris riots if you don’t think climate change policies are controversial.

As it stands, blocking the sun is now an acceptable concept by world leaders. And for that, we should all be fearful.

Today’s media have given the sun a bad name. It kills us with skin cancer. It warms the earth…too much. But the sun’s the only reason we are here, so maybe “science” should slow its roll a bit before we decide to manipulate the sun’s rays.

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Most world governments are zoned in on reducing greenhouse gas emissions or extracting CO2 from the atmosphere. These two concepts are commonly pitched in unison with higher taxation (again, Paris, Paris…). That’s what the entire the Paris Agreement debacle involved. The concept of blocking out the sun is newer to the spectrum of acceptable absurdity to stop “climate change.” The concept has been around for decades, but its largely been dismissed even by the most climate change oriented of government officials and scientists.

Pictured below is one of Harvard’s illustrations of our evil sun being blocked.

harvard block sun climate change

Computer Models Have No Idea The Consequences Of Blocking The Sun

Worse more, computer models have no idea what will happen once they start testing the theory. Hence, the “controlled experiment” using calcium carbonate particles.

Will this result in more rain? Less rain? Dearth farmlands? More fires? A zombie apocalypse? Who knows? They don’t.

If you watch the news, you probably think the sun just serves to burn humans alive. But the sun actually does some pretty important stuff, like fuel all life on earth.

A recent Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) report estimates for the reduced price of $10 billion per year, we can reduce the global temperature by 1.5 degrees Celcius.

Zimbabwean villages may dry up into famine and drought or flood away in biblical rains, but at least the evil sun will be tamed by scientists who “are pretty sure” they know what’s up.

Bill Nye The Science Guy pitched that he wanted to load up our oceans with ping pong balls as a way to reflect the sun back to..the sun? I’m not sure, maybe Nye is talking about bubbles, or ping pong balls, I can’t keep up with such absurdity.

But for these Harvard scientists, the concept of reflecting the sun back to the sun is just not efficient enough. So now we are at the point of just blocking it all together.

Maybe once the sun is blocked and nuclear winter sets in, we can all breath a course sigh of relief. The sun’s been attempting to kill us now for 40 years. Finally, we will be in the safety and comfort of complete darkness and famine. At least you’ll not need anymore sunscreen.

WILL.I.AM IS NOT CONFIDENT ABOUT HIP-HOP’S LONGEVITY: ‘IT’S BECOME THE LOWEST-HANGING FRUIT’

By IME EKPO

After spending over twenty something years making top-notch hits and ultimately paving his own lane, it appears that Will.i.am owns a very unsteady theory about the future of the Hip-Hop genre. In a recent interview with Rolling Stone, the Black Eyed Peas rapper expressed his thoughts about the livelihood of Hip-Hop’s global dominance and anticipated the coming and takeover of artificial intelligence rappers.

“What’s the number-one sport on the planet? Soccer, because anyone can play it. The problem with hip-hop is everybody could do it,” he said. “It doesn’t take much fucking skill right now to make hip-hop. It’s become the lowest-hanging fruit. It’s no longer about Rakim-level, Nas-level, not the deep, metaphorical simile shit. Out of respect for the Nases of the world, let’s not call it hip-hop. Let’s say that’s rap. But instrumental music is going to be the next biggest shit.”

If there is one thing out of Hip-Hop’s history that is telling of its universal appeal, which leads to its unlimited creativity, it is its barefaced journey to global recognition from being heavily discredited to a lasting folkway. Hip-Hop’s mesmerizing entrance was a green light to those who were linear to the culture and blatant migrants and eventually gave birth to the myriad of carbon rappers and unrestricted sectors of sub-genres. It was the showcased lifestyle of the prime catchy-rhymer that most aspiring rappers have spent the past 30 years crafting non-traditional tunes about, an often misleading and misunderstood expression.

With the help of name-dropping distinguished music acts, Will.i.am went on to elaborate on the contents of true Hip-Hop music, by highlighting the importance of a Hip-Hop musician being able to embrace their artistry.

“The John Coltranes, the Stan Getzes, the Jimi Hendrixes, the musicianship. That’s the only way to prove intelligence or taste: demonstrating your artistry. Right now we’re competing human on human, and eventually we’ll be competing human on machine – the moment there’s a fucking AI mumble rapper [laughs] . . . it’s inevitable, bro! Like, the reason why Star Wars is Star Wars is because the Jedis kept the machines in check.”

Will’s confidence in artificial intelligence is certainly not artificial, there is a sound reason behind his confidence. He is currently one of the most sought-after tech innovators of the 21st century and one of the lead advocates of artificial intelligence. According to Rolling Stone, since his 2015 Puls smartwatch exertion, Will.i.am has received over $100 million in funding for his company I.am, a personal artificial intelligence device.

The Grammy-award winning producer isn’t keeping his tech knowledge to himself, he instinctively mingled Hip-Hop into the game. The Black Eyed Peas teamed up with Marvel for the curation of their graphic comic Masters of the Sun: The Zombie Chronicles. The virtual reality version was released earlier this year and offers a full-fledged honorable Hip-Hop voice-over cast including Redman, Queen Latifah, and Snoop Dogg. There is a great deal of actuality in Will.i.am’s stance and that is mostly because of his luxurious experience as a modern day musician with a Hip-Hop foundation—which is just enough to justify the worth of his expression.